Engineering has developed from observations of the ways natural and constructed systems react and from the development of empirical equations that provide bases for design. It is a very frequent term that is used in our daily life. The developments and advancements that we observe in the world is only possible due to the engineering and scientific jobs that are carried out in different fields. The technology advancement in today’s world has increased the employment in the field of engineering. There are various streams in engineering. Some of the important streams are listed below.
I. Civil Engineering Jobs
It is the broadest of the engineering fields because it is the oldest of all streams. Civil Engineering deals with the planning, construction, and maintenance of fixed structures or public works. Today, most of the civil engineering jobs are associated with bridges, railways, roads, power plants, structures, irrigation, water supply, flood control, traffic, etc.
II. Mechanical Engineering Jobs
It is an engineering discipline that engrosses the application of principle of physics for analysis, design, production and maintenance of mechanical systems. The stream requires a strong knowledge of mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics and energy. Most of the mechanical engineering jobs include design and analysis of automobiles, aircraft, buildings and bridges, industrial equipments and machinery, etc.
III. Electrical Engineering Jobs
This stream deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. Professionals in this field deal with problems associated with heavy electrical systems such as power transmission, motor control, and control systems. Electrical engineering includes sub disciplines like Electrical & Electronics engineering, Instrumentation engineering.
IV. Electronic Engineering Jobs
It’s a professional discipline that deals with the behavior and effects of electron and with electronic devices, systems or equipment. As electricity is regarded as father of electronics, electronic engineering in some parts of the world is considered as electrical engineering. Jobs in this field include digital electronics, analogue electronics, signal processing, control systems and many more. It includes sub disciplines like Applied Electronics engineering, Electronics & Telecommunication engineering, Mechatronics.
V. Textile Engineering Jobs
Textile engineering deals with the application of scientific and engineering principles to the design and control of all facets of fiber, textile, and apparel processes, products, and machinery including natural and man-made materials, interaction of materials with machines, safety and health, energy conservation, and waste and pollution control. A textile engineer works with fibers, yarns, fabrics, finishes and carry out research and development for improving and creating new textile based products.
VI. Computer Science Engineering Jobs
The discipline deals with the study of performance and function of computers. The job includes applications of computer science into the filed of electronics, electrical, mechanical, education and even civil. Computer science is also related to software engineering which involves designing of complex software systems.